• Mosques made by dismantling the temples and using their materials. The stupendous forts, the intricately carved temples and the grand havelis of the state are integral parts of the architectural heritage of the state. Answer: Architectural features of the temples of Bengal: Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala). The cylindrical rotno have a spike at the top for embellishment, and are immensely decorated with miniature sculptures, like every other historical temple. The architecture of Rajasthan is mainly based on the Rajput school of architecture which was a blend of the Hindu and Mughal structural design. The temple is located in Jaydev Kenduli, a village in Bolpur subdivision. Image courtesy/source: Wikipedia. George Michell is the author of Architecture of the Islamic World, Brick Temples of Bengal, andThe Penguin Guide to the Monuments of India, Volume I. The Rash Moncho, which too acts like a secondary temple, is a participant in religious celebration during the Rash Festival of Bengal, which uncommonly, takes place in November, for the worship of Sri Krishna and Radhaji, similar to Dol Jatra, but at a greatly different time. Saileswar and Shanreswar temples at Dihar, Bankura district, are old Shiva temples, damaged by erosion and possibly restored in the 14th century. The Krishna-Raya Atchala Mondir at Kachrapara. Remember those drawing classes? Bahulara Ancient Temple, Bankura district, 8th-11th century, Sat Deul, Purba Bardhaman district, 10th century, Jatar Deul, South 24 Parganas, 11th century, Banda Deul, Purulia district, 11th century, Ichhai Ghosher Deul at Gourangapur, Paschim Bardhaman district, 16-17th century. Let’s discuss : Solutions of Questions on Page Number : 137 . Every temple of Bangladesh in not only a document of architectural art, but also a witness to Bengali aspirations-refected in their varied styles of construction. It is marked by the presence of a convex-sloping roof. This surreal land called Bangla. The main architectural features of the temples of Bengal are as under: The brick and terracotta temples of Bengal were built with the support of several “low” social groups. This is not a temple for any particular deity. mainly temples of bishnupur are given in details Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Bengal’s treasured temples come in several sub-sets or sub-categories. Click here to view the author’s (Divyanshi Sharda) blogger profile and click here to view her Facebook blog profile – Kshirsagar (Retelling The Glory). How Raja Ganesha Re-established Hindu Supremacy in Bengal 15th Century, How Rani Bhavashankari Defeated Pathans and Retained Hindu Supremacy in Bengal, Terracotta: The Indus-Sarasvati Connect to Bengal and North East India, Towards India’s New Era Paradigm: Reformulating Karma and Past Lives, 5 Architectural Evidences That Prove Taj Mahal is a Hindu Temple, Polytheistic Hindu Identity: A Heritage of Divine Enlightenment, A History of Head Coverings in India: Turban and Head Veil/Ghoonghat. This beautiful land that I call home. These two features are further similar to the North-Indian Shikhar, a conical or cylindrical (tapered towards the end) monument which is constructed as the main area of the temple, which, as mentioned earlier, is the Garbhagriha. The palatial Chhoto Rashabari, standing tall almost opposite my house, had always caught my eye and attention, as it silently watched over this cosy little place. However, these towers can be four-sloped and non-cylindrical as well, similar to the mini-monument on top in the Atchala Mondir type, spoken about earlier. What are the Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal? “The coming of the Muslims at the beginning of the 13th century marked a sharp break with the past. In this background, Percy Brown has called their architecture as “cradle of Indian temple architecture.” Badami, Ailhole and Pattadakal were the centers of their art. Shore temple is a complex of three temples, one large and two small, located right on the shores of the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal in Mahabalipuram. It was easier to build. [1], “Between the earlier and later Hindu periods astonishing religious changes took place in Bengal: the worship of Vishnu gave way to that of Radha-Krishna, of Chamunda to that of Kali; Surya fell entirely out of favour; curious folk cults like that of Dharmaraja or Dakshina Raya arose.” There have also been changes in temple architecture. These are: The majestic Noborotno Dakshineshwar Temple near Kolkata’s Hoogly, built by Rani Rashmoni in 1855, with its presiding deity being Maa Bhavatarini, an aspect of Maa Kali. The Barochala is relatively rarer. Rasmancha is a unique brick temple built by Malla King Vir Hambir in 1600 CE. Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are: Temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts. Fig.4: Nandalal temple The temples and monuments of Vrindavan drew heavily from the imperial Mughal style of the late sixteenth century. [2], 108 Shiva temples at Nababhat, Bardhaman, Purba Bardhaman district, 72 temples at Maluti, Dumka district, Jharkhand - 36 temples have been destroyed, 26 Shiva temples at Khardaha, North 24 Parganas district, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengal_temple_architecture&oldid=995156394, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 15:18. The temples were on their way. The rich tradition of temple building in Bishnupur was to have a protracted impact on architectural practices in other regions of Bengal, both during its heyday and during its recession with the waning of Mughal power. Radhabinode Temple has terracotta carvings and an ancient architecture. Important Characteristic Features of Chalukyan Architecture. Hoysala Style of Temple Architecture. Brilliantly blended with dochala, chouchala and conical spire central roofing and lower part is added with curved cornice. The most elaborate groups existing have 108 Shiva temples. The Chala is the unique characteristic of traditional Bengali temple architecture. The Temple structure of Dakshineswar was built in a typical Nava- Ratna Bengal Architectural style. Small base design; Horse shoe base Nagara … The square sanctum is surrounded by an ambulatory pathway with a veranda opened by three decorated arches on four sides (Plate-8). Read the Full article to know about Temple Architecture in India. Discuss the development of temple architecture in eastern India Approach: Introduce by mentioning the areas having significant temple architecture in Eastern India. Another arresting style is the Jor-Bangla temple (জোড়-বাংলা), which is the combination of two Douchala temples which are placed absolutely adjacently to each other. From here started the Nagara style of Temple Architecture. Built in 1847, by Mondal brothers Pyarilal and Monimohan. Those terracotta temples can be classified according to their architectural differences of roof styles. Ancient Indian temples are classified in three broad types. The homely, lovable Tulsi Moncho in the Radha Madhab Temple complex in Bankura. BENGAL PROVINCIAL ARCHITECTURE •Bengal was established in 1203-1573 AD. Divyanshi Sharda is a humanities student from Kolkata who bears a keen interest in researching and analysing the various aspects of Indian Culture, History and Hinduism. 2012; 2(1). Initially, local deities were worshipped in thatched huts in villages. Part of NCERT Art & Culture notes for UPSC 2021. This graphic representation will surely help you to understand the various forms and types of Bengal Temple. Hindu Temple Architecture in Bengal: A Glimpse into the Past. This granite cluster of temples, named because they face the Bay of Bengal, were built around 700 A.D. Their design defied conventionality at the time because they were structural and not rock-cut. The Bengali Deul, is intriguingly similar to its southern sister, the Oriya Deula, both almost identical designs of the construction under which the Moorti is kept, or the Garbhagriha area. This destination in West Bengal is turned into a religious place with many temples and ashrams. Features of Dravidian Style. Rotno Mondirs are again a classic architectural type of temples in Bengal. The Terracotta Temples of Bishnupur, Bengal. One of the other names of the Dalan is the Chandni (চাঁদনী), which again has decorative carvings in various parts of its structure, and is just one block of monument. What astounds me, is the corroborated fact that plurality resides even in our beloved indigenous Indian culture, the fact the every single sphere or walk of life, is blessed with multitudinous facets, even temple construction. The architectural style of the Bishnupur temples, however, derived from the tradition that had developed under the sultanates that had ruled Bengal for the previous four centuries—interior vaulting, pointed arches with cusps, sturdy pillars with many facets, curved cornices, and terracotta decoration (McCutchion 1972). Stone deul at Ambikanagar, Bankura district, was originally a Jain temple some 800-900 years old. No systematic enquiry has been in this important field which remained neglected. Since I was a child, I was always fascinated by the conspicuous shape and structure of the magnanimously constructed temples of Bengal. The development of Temple Architecture took place in various different steps. Three major developments in religious architecture were seen in three different eras of Bengal’s history – evolution of Nagara style temples which were influenced by the Orissan Rekha deuls, followed by the developments of Islamic Architecture through mosques and tombs, and lastly, the generation of Terracotta Temples. There are large and small types of deuls. Image courtesy: Wikimedia. ↔ Important architectural features of the temples of Bengal are: ⭐Temples began to copy the double-roofed or four-roofed structure of the thatched huts. The assembly hall is called jagamohan, through which the devotees reach the main temple. Image courtesy: Wikimedia. Temple Architecture. The Chala comes in a few variants, like the Douchala, Chaarchala, Atchala and Barochala, with each having 2, 4, 8 and 12 sloping roofs respectively. Describe the style of temples in bengal Get the answers you need, now! The ratna style came up in the 15th-16th century. In the Dravidian Style of architecture, the chief shrine of the temple as in the Nagara Style had the chief deity. Some are smooth curvilinear and others are ridged curvilinear. A paved floor at the ground level takes the place of the plinth. The Dol Moncho near the Damodar Mondir in Rautara. Unlike most of its neighbours at the site, it is built of cut stones rather than carved out of caves. This study thus fills up an important gap of the history of Indian Art and Architecture. 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